16 Rumus Bahasa Inggris yang Wajib Kamu Kuasai dan Contohnya

Mau jago berbahasa Inggris tapi bingung harus mulai dari mana? Atau kamu masih bingung karena banyaknya tenses yang harus dipelajari? Nah, daripada bingung, untuk langkah awal, kamu bisa pelajari berbagai bentuk rumus cara cepat tenses bahasa Inggris seperti yang Edu2review lampirkan berikut ini!

Simple Present Tense

Subject + Verb 1 (Base/Present Form

  • Kata Sinyal

always, every, never, normally, often, sometimes, usually, seldom.

  • Kalimat Positif

Mario works in a plumbing company.

Mario always works very hard in the company.

Mario walks to work every day.

  • Kalimat Negatif

Mario does not work very hard in the company.

Mario does not come on time very often.

  • Kalimat Tanya

“Does he work very hard in the company?”

Dapat dibalas dengan “Yes, he does” atau “No, he does not.”

Present Continuous / Progressive Tense

Subject + Am / Is / Are + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kata Sinyal

at the moment, just now, now, right now, Listen!, Look!

Kalimat Positif

Look! He is talking with his classmates.

The teachers are having a meeting at the moment.

Kalimat Negatif

He is not playing computer games now.

Listen! He is not laughing anymore.

Kalimat Tanya

Is he playing computer games at the moment?

Dibalas dengan “Yes, he is.” Atau “No, he is not.”

Present Perfect Tense

Subject + Has / Have + Verb 3 (Past Participle)

Kata Sinyal

already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now.

Kalimat Positif

He has already finished his homework.

She has done her chores.

Kalimat Negatif

He has not been to Australia so far.

She has not completed her assignments.

Kalimat Tanya

Has he completed the arrangement for the coming event up to now?

Dibalas dengan “Yes, he has.” Atau “No, he has not.”

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Has / Have + Been + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kata Sinyal

for the past 5 years, how long …?, the whole week, since xxxx.

Kalimat Positif

He has been working here since 1996.

They have been waiting in the house since 2 PM.

Kalimat Negatif

He has not been speaking for the last 3 hours.

They have not been sleeping for days.

Kalimat Tanya

Has he been playing computer games all day?

Dibalas dengan “Yes, he has.” Atau “No, he has not.”

Simple Past Tense

Subject + Verb 2

Kata Sinyal

yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1996, last Thursday, this morning, last night.

Kalimat Positif

Last year, he always worked until night.

In 1945, Indonesia declared independence.

I just talked to Mike 2 minutes ago.

Kalimat Negatif

He did not go to school this morning.

They did not eat their dinner last night.

Kalimat Tanya

Did he pay the bill yesterday?

Dibalas dengan “Yes, he has.” Atau “No, he has not.”

Past Continuous Tense

Subject + Was / Were + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kata Sinyal

when, while, as long as, at this time yesterday.

Kalimat Positif

He was speaking when I entered in room.

She was sleeping when the alarm went off.

They were hiking when it started raining.

Kalimat Negatif

He was not doing his homework at this time yesterday.

She was not listening when the teacher called her name.

Kalimat Tanya

Was he writing the letter to his parents when I was out last Tuesday?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he was.” Atau “No, he was not.”

Past Perfect Tense

Subject + Had + Verb 3 (Past Participle)

Kata Sinyal

before yesterday, till three days ago, already, until that day.

Kalimat Positif

He had finished his designs before he went to work yesterday.

Kalimat Negatif

He had not been a high school student until last year.

Kalimat Tanya

Had he entered the company before he achieved his master’s degree in 1990?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he had.” Atau “No, he had not.”

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Had + Been + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kata Sinyal

for, since, the whole day, all day

Kalimat Positif

He said that he had been working here for ten years.

Kalimat Negatif

He was told that his teacher had been waiting for him since 2 PM yesterday.

Kalimat Tanya

Had he been speaking for the whole class before I entered?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he had.” Atau “No, he had not.”

Simple Future Tense

Subject + Will + Verb 1 (Present Form)

Atau

Subject + Be (Is / Are / Am) + Going to + Verb 1 (present form)

Kata Sinyal

in a year, next …, tomorrow, next week, five days later.

Kalimat Positif

He is going to be a journalist after he graduates next year.

Kalimat Negatif

He will not play computer games anymore because he understands how harmful they are.

Kalimat Tanya

Will he go to the cinema tomorrow with us?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he will.” Atau “No, he will not.”

Future Continuous Tense

S + Will + Be + Verb –ing (Continuous form)

Kata Sinyal

tomorrow morning, in one year.

Kalimat Positif

He will be delivering the speech to undergraduates at 3 p.m tomorrow afternoon.

Kalimat Negatif

He will not be doing the task in the office this afternoon because he is sick.

Kalimat Tanya

Will he be playing football next morning in the playground?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he will.” Atau “No, he will not.”

Future Perfect Tense

Subject + Will + Have + Verb 3 (Past Participle)

Kata Sinyal

by next Monday, in a week.

Kalimat Positif

He will have finished the task by next Monday.

Kalimat Negatif

He will not have finished the given task by tomorrow evening.

Kalimat Tanya

Will he have finished the task in a week?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he will.” Atau “No, he will not.”

  1. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Will + Have + Been + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kata Sinyal

for the last couple of hours, all day long.

Kalimat Positif

He will have been taking charge of the team for the next hour.

Kalimat Negatif

He will not have been doing the task for the last couple of hours.

Kalimat Tanya

Will he have been doing the research all day long?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he will.” Atau “No, he will not.”

  1. Simple Past Future Tense

Subject + Would + Verb 1

Subject + WAS/WERE + GOING TO + Verb (Present Form)

Kalimat Positif

He said that he would leave in three days.

Kalimat Negatif

He did not promise that he would buy you a new computer.

Kalimat Tanya

Did you tell him when I would arrive?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, I did.” Atau “No, I did not.”

  1. Past Future Continuous Tense

Subject + Should / Would + Be + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kalimat Positif

I made a promise that I would be doing my homework all day long tomorrow.

Kalimat Negatif

I did not tell anyone that I would be giving a speech to undergraduates for the next whole morning.

Kalimat Tanya

Did you say that you would be working hard next week?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, I did.” Atau “No, I did not.”

  1. Past Future Perfect Tense

Subject + Should / Could / Would  Have + Verb 3 (Past Participle)

Kalimat Positif

He told the students that they should have finished the homework this morning.

Kalimat Negatif

He said that he would not have made such a mistake if he had taken my advice.

Kalimat Tanya

Did you say that you would have been a doctor in three years?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, I did.” Atau “No, I did not.”

  1. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + Should / Could / Would  Have + Been + Verb –ing (Continuous Form)

Kalimat Positif

I heard that you should have been teaching here for ten years by this July.

Kalimat Negatif

I did not know that he would have been working for the past three hours by that time.

Kalimat Tanya

Would he have been explaining to the workers if he had made the information clear?

Dijawab dengan “Yes, he would.” Atau “No, he would not.”

Semoga artikel rumus bahasa Inggris ini bermanfaat untuk membantu pembelajaranmu.


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